Biographical entry Eden, Robert Anthony (1897 - 1977)

1st Earl of Avon

12 June 1897
Windlestone Hall, Ferryhill, Durham, England
14 January 1977
Alvediston, Wiltshire, England
Politician, Prime Minister (Great Britain) and Writer of Inscription


(Robert) Anthony Eden was a British politician and prime minister of Great Britain. Eden entered parliament as a Conservative member 1923 and was foreign secretary (1935-38) in Neville Chamberlain's government. He resigned in opposition to Chamberlain's appeasement policy. In the first Churchill government Eden was dominions secretary (1940), war secretary (1940) and foreign secretary (1940-45). He also served as foreign secretary (1951-55) in the second Churchill government. Eden was prime minister (1955-57). He resigned from parliament following the Suez crisis 1956. He received an earldom in 1961 and published three volumes of memoirs (1960-66).


Thorpe, D.R. 'Eden, (Robert) Anthony, first earl of Avon (1897-1977).' In Oxford Dictionary of National Biography, edited by H.C.G. Matthew and Brian Harrison. Oxford: Oxford University Press, 2004. Online edition, edited by Lawrence Goldman, 2011. Accessed 2 October 2012.