Biographical entry Baldwin, Stanley (1867 - 1947)
1st Earl Baldwin of Bewdley
- 3 August 1867
Bewdley, Worcestershire, England
- 13 December 1947
Astley Hall, Worcestershire, England
- Prime Minister (Great Britain) and Writer of Inscription
Stanley Baldwin, first Earl Baldwin of Bewdley, was a British politician and prime minister. Baldwin entered parliament as a Conservative member in 1908 and became parliamentary private secretary to the Chancellor of the Exchequer and financial secretary to the Treasury (1917-21) and president of the Board of Trade (1921-22). He served three terms as prime minister (1923-24; 1924-29; 1935-37). As prime minister, Baldwin proclaimed a state of emergency in response to the General Strike of 1926 and was responsible for the Hoare-Laval pact (1935), an Anglo-French plan to allow Italy to annex Ethiopia. Baldwin retired in favour of Neville Chamberlain in 1937.
Ball, Stuart. 'Baldwin, Stanley, first Earl Baldwin of Bewdley (1867-1947).' In Oxford Dictionary of National Biography, edited by H.C.G. Matthew and Brian Harrison. Oxford: Oxford University Press, 2004. Online edition, edited by Lawrence Goldman, 2011. Accessed 2 October 2012. http://www.oxforddnb.com/view/article/30550.