Biographical entry Eisenhower, Dwight D. (David) (1890 - 1969)
- President (United States of America) and Soldier
Dwight D. (David) Eisenhower was a US general, Republican statesman and thirty-fourth president of the United States (1953-61). Eisenhower was made supreme commander of Allied forces in Europe (1943) and commander of the D-Day invasion of Normandy (1944). In domestic affairs, Eisenhower presided over major developments in civil rights (using troops to enforce desegregation of schools in Arkansas) and instigated major public works projects. In foreign affairs, his administration pursued a strong policy of communist containment. In 1953 he concluded a truce to end the Korean War. The 'Eisenhower Doctrine' promised military aid to Middle Eastern countries to repel communist advances. Pressure from Eisenhower forced the withdrawal of British, French and Israeli troops during the Suez Crisis in 1956.
'Eisenhower, Dwight D(avid).' In Who's Who in the Twentieth Century. Oxford: Oxford University Press, 1999.